My Music Reader Cheat Sheet – Definitions

Greetings, music-makers!

My new downloadable Music Reader Cheat Sheet is ready for your use. I’m excited about its clean simplicity and user-friendly design that will help you enjoyably integrate the foundational knowledge of determining and remembering the letter names of musical notes.

Its “How to Use This Resource” introduction includes an invitation to spend some time here for more information on the following terms. Ready to absorb some fascinating musical knowledge? Alright, then. Here we go!

The Treble Staff ~ The 5-line Treble Staff is created by use of the Treble Clef. The Treble Clef’s lovely bottom curve, above its tail, curls around the G above middle C. See my downloadable Music Reader Cheat Sheet for stay-with-you-forever info on the letter names of musical notes.

Instruments that use the Treble Staff include the guitar, ukulele, violin, flute, clarinet, trumpet, and alto and soprano voices. The piano and keyboards use the Treble Staff and the Bass Staff. See bonus info below on the Grand Staff. But first:

The Bass Staff ~ The 5-line Bass Staff is created by use of the Bass Clef. The Bass Clef’s two vertical dots are positioned just above and just under the F below middle C. See my downloadable Music Reader Cheat Sheet for the ultimate in essential info on the letter names of musical notes, presented in a simple way that makes it forever memorable.

Instruments that use the Bass Staff include the bass guitar, double bass, trombone, tuba, and baritone and bass voices.

Line Notes ~ The Line Notes in music “sit” on the staff such that the line actually goes right through the middle of the musical note, instead of “sitting” in a space between the lines. This works the same whether the note is on a Treble Staff or a Bass Staff.

Space Notes ~ The Space Notes in music “sit” in the spaces between the lines of the musical staff, rather than on the lines with the lines running right through the notes as above. See the difference? This works the same whether the note is on a Treble Staff or a Bass Staff.

The Musical Alphabet ~ The Musical Alphabet has just seven letters: A, B, C, D, E, F, and G. Imagine that: the entire spectrum of Western harmony can be notated using only seven letters! So what happens when you get to G? Just what you’re thinking: you start over at the letter A. Music is very rational in this and many, many other respects. I’ve always found that fascinating and even inspiring.

Ledger Lines ~ Ledger Lines are short horizontal lines above and below the 5-line musical staff. Musical notes are placed on, above and under Ledger Lines.

And now for some bonus info not specifically referenced on the back page of my Music Reader Cheat Sheet. You’re welcome! :)

The Grand Staff combines the Treble and Bass Staves (“staves” is the plural of staff), with the Treble Staff on top. The Grand Staff is used by pianists, keyboard players, organists, harpists, and others, like accordion players. A simple way to think of this for beginning music readers is that the Treble Staff is for your right hand, and the Bass Staff is for your left hand, while keeping in mind that this will not always be the case later.

And one more: I mentioned Middle C above. It means most for pianists, keyboard players and others using the Grand Staff. But it also helps to make sense of music reading for anyone working to learn the notes on both the Treble and Bass staff. And once again, I say there is a particular beauty to the logic of it:

As critical info for pianists and keyboard players, Middle C is the C right smack in the middle of the piano keyboard. Beginning pianists sit at the piano and on the piano bench so that their bodies are aligned with the middle of the keyboard, and much beginning piano music centers around Middle C.

Regarding note reading, Middle C resides one Ledger Line below the Treble Staff. That’s memorable, right? And here’s the beauty of that: on the Bass Staff, it resides one Ledger Line above the staff.

My Music Reader Cheat Sheet details the letter names of notes on Ledger Lines closest to the staff and shows how the alphabet moves up the staff. You will see how, using the simplicity of the fact that the alphabet moves forward as you travel up, and backward as you travel down, to name notes above and below the Treble and Bass Staff. Middle C, with its distinction of residing one Ledger Line below the Treble Staff and one Ledger Line above the Bass Staff, becomes a memorable anchor point as you practice determining the letter name of notes on Ledger Lines as needed.

Lastly, I invite you to contact me. Your questions or comments may lead to another definition here or spark my next downloadable resource. Meanwhile, enjoy your musical journey. Remember: keep it fun!

Teresa Young


Teresa Young teaches private music students in Los Angeles and coaches savvy folks in accomplishing what they want most in healthy new ways. Clients include Boomers seeking fulfillment in the second half of life and GenXers and Millennials looking for meaning from the start. Teresa coaches by phone, in person, and via Skype outside the U.S.